Publicación de “Reflections on naturalism”, Ed. J. I. Galparsoro y A. Cordero.

Reflections on naturalism
Ed. by José Ignacio Galparsoro and Alberto Cordero.
Sense Publishers, ©2013 168 p.

Enlace editorial (Introducción)

Reflections on NaturalismJosé Ignacio Galparsoro (Filosofía, U. del País Vasco, España) y Alberto Cordero (Filosofía, Ciudad de la U. de Nueva York) reúnen ocho ensayos de filósofos de EE.UU., Europa y América del Sur que adoptan el punto de vista del naturalismo, específicamente la idea de utilizar la ciencia natural y sus metodologías como marco de estudio, para abordar cuestiones filosóficas. Se centran en los enfoques analizados en la Universidad del País Vasco y en varias sesiones del Congreso Internacional de Ontología. Consideran la conveniencia de analizar la filosofía desde una perspectiva naturalista; los sentidos en los que no puede haber una explicación naturalista de la mente; cómo el naturalismo puede extenderse a la conducta moral y la agencia; aplicaciones a la psicología moral, metaética y la ética normativa; cómo el realismo naturalista se basa en la justificación científica falible; la metafísica; el método filosófico; y otros temas.

José Ignacio Galparsoro (philosophy, U. of the Basque Country, Spain) and Alberto Cordero (philosophy, City U. of New York) bring together eight essays by philosophers from the US, Europe, and South America, who consider the application of naturalism, specifically the idea of using natural science and its methodologies as a framework, to address philosophical questions. They focus on approaches discussed at the U. of the Basque Country and at various sessions of the International Congress of Ontology. They consider the advisability of analyzing philosophy from a naturalistic perspective; the senses in which there can be a naturalistic account of the mind; how naturalism can be extended to moral behavior and agency; applications to moral psychology, metaethics, and normative ethics; how naturalist realism relies on fallible, scientific justification; metaphysics; the philosophical method; and other topics.
 

To naturalists, there is no such thing as complete justification for any claim, and so requiring complete warrant for naturalist proposals is an unreasonable request. The proper guideline for naturalist proposals seems thus clear: develop it using the methods of science; if this leads to a fruitful stance, then explicate and reassess. The resulting offer will exhibit virtuous circularity if its explanatory feedback loop involves critical reassessment as the explanations it encompasses play out. So viewed, naturalism is a philosophical perspective that seeks to unite in a virtuous circle the natural sciences and non-foundationalist, broadly-based empiricism. Other common lines of antinaturalist complaint are that naturalization efforts seem fruitful only in some areas, also that several endeavors outside the sciences serve as sources of knowledge into human life and the human condition, especially in areas where science does not reach terribly far as yet. It seems hard not to grant some truth to many allegories from literature, art and some religions. Naturalism has room for knowledge gathered outside science, provided the imported claims satisfy also by naturalistic methods. Naturalism and the debate about its scope and limits thrive on discrepancy. We hope that, collectively, the selected essays that follow will give a fair view of the vitality and tribulations of naturalism as a variegated contemporary philosophical perspective.

 

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